I work with a number of families whose kids have been labelled with ADHD or with some flavour of Anxiety Disorder…sometimes both. I also work with many kids assessed as Gifted. A thing most of them have in common: problem making friends. Oftentimes this problem leads to a vicious circle of somatic complaints, school avoidance, low marks, low self esteem, bullying and in some cases, self harm of various intensity.
What makes developing friendships difficult? A deficit in Socio-Emotional Intelligence. For a variety of reasons, these kids have not learned/absorbs the social skills of friend making and/or do not know how to regulate their emotions. And so they miss social cues and make social gaffes that result in teasing and bullying. This eventually leads to the ultimate fears for humans: REJECTION and ABANDONMENT.
In searching for tools to help my clients, I have come across this article from Dr. Carol Brady in the ADDitude Magazine. As I see no point in reinventing a perfectly good wheel, I have copied her article below.
A WORD to PARENTS: even thou your child may not be ADD/ANXIOUS/GIFTED, teaching him or her social skills and emotion management (not to be confused with emotion repression) will only benefit their development.
Role-playing strategies to help your child get along with others—even bullies.
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Consider the case of Joe B., a nine-year-old I recently treated. Joe’s parents sought my help because he kept overreacting to playful (but sometimes hurtful) verbal banter that came his way during recess. On one such occasion, after Joe did something silly, a playmate laughed at him and called him a “turkey head.” Enraged, Joe shoved the boy and burst into tears. He looked like a crybaby.
Joe acknowledged shoving the other boy, but said to me, “He started it.” Joe felt it was the other boy who needed to change. I explained to Joe that he couldn’t always control what other people did, but that he always had a choice about how to react. “You’re the boss of yourself,” I told him.
Talking things over made Joe feel better, and I decided that role-playing might help Joe avoid future incidents. Here are the basic steps I used with Joe that you might try with your own child:
Role-playing didn’t help Joe right away. But one day, a few weeks after we began our sessions, Joe was beaming when he came into my office. Once again, a playmate had teased him, but this time Joe hadn’t struck back. “I told him I didn’t care what he thought,” Joe explained.
Over time, as we continued our sessions, Joe got even better at controlling his behaviour on the playground. Other children accepted him as one of the gang, and that made him feel good about himself.